America's Polluted Waters
has recently published the Atlas of America's Polluted Waters, EPA 840-B-00-002,
which include maps showing waters within each state that do not meet state
water quality standards. States
listed these waters in their most recent submission to EPA, generally,
in 1998, as required by section 303(d) of the Clean Water Act.
This provision of the Clean Water Act requires a "total maximum
daily load" or TMDL for each listed water.
20,000 water bodies across the country are identified as not meeting water
quality standards. These
water bodies include more than 300,000 miles of rivers and streams and
more than 5 million lake acres.
The overwhelming majority of Americans -- 218 million -- live within
10 miles of a polluted water body.
key feature of the 1998 lists of polluted waters is that, for the first
time, all states provided computer-based "geo-referencing" data
that allow consistent mapping of these polluted waters.
In order to better illustrate the extent and seriousness of water
pollution problems around the country, EPA prepared this Atlas of state
maps that identify the polluted waters in each state. The maps are color coded to indicate then type of pollutant
causing the pollution problem. And,
bar charts show the types of pollutants impairing stream/river/coastal
miles, and lakes/estuary/wetland acres.
of the document are available at no charge from the National Service Center
for Environmental Publications (NSCEP) in Cincinnati at: Phone: (513)
489-8190; Fax: (513) 489-8695.
A copy of the Atlas has also been posted on the TMDL web site for
browsing and downloading at: http://www.epa.gov/owow/tmdl/atlas/index.html